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Killiney History | June 13, 2021

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Victoria Castle

Victoria Castle
NameVictoria Castle
Previous NamesAyesha Castle, Manderley Castle
AddressVictoria Road
Year Built1840
ArchitectSandham Symes (TBC)
Exists todayYes
On 1888 mapYes
Last Modified: 08 May 2021 | author

Illustration from The Irish Penny Journal 5th June 1841

Article from The Irish Penny Journal of 5th June 1841.

View of entrance c.1988

Plans to develop a new town, to be called Queenstown, on the estate of Robert Warren at Killiney Hill were unveiled in 1840. The plans which were drawn up by the architects Hoskin & Son envisaged rows of grand detached and terraced houses circling the hill of Killiney. See here. The only houses which were actually built included Victoria Castle, Mount Mapas and Mount Eagle (then called Coburg Lodge), and these were illustrated in vignettes on the plans. The illustration of Victoria Castle states: ‘already built on Lot No.1’. The article transcribed below from The Irish Penny Journal of the time gives a good idea of the speculative development which was beginning to happen in Killiney and surrounding districts as the railway and roads were being improved and extended.

The first stone of the new town has been laid; nay, the first building, no less a building than “Victoria Castle” has been actually erected; and, as a memorial of one of the gigantic projects of this speculating nineteenth century of ours, we have felt it incumbent on us to give its fair proportions a place in our immortal and universally read miscellany, in order to hand down its pristine form to posterity in ages when it shall have been shaped by time into a genuine antique ruin.

Of the architectural style and general appearance of Victoria Castle, our engraving gives a good idea. Like most modern would-be castles, it has towers and crenellated battlements and large windows in abundance, and is upon the whole as unlike a real old castle as such structures usually are. It is, however, a picturesque and imposing structure of its kind, and, what is of more consequence to its future occupants, a cheerful and commodious habitation, which is more than can be said of most genuine castles, or of many more classical imitations of them ; and its situation, on a terrace on the south side of Killiney Hill, is one as commanding and beautiful as could possibly be imagined. Nothing in nature can indeed surpass the beauty, variety, and extent of the prospects which may be enjoyed from this spot or its immediate vicinity, and we might fill a whole number of our Journal in describing their principal features.


Available To Let

For many years after their completion Robert Warren made his Killiney properties, including Voctoria Castle, available to let. Adverts similar to the one below appeared in 1845 and for a number of years around this time.

Advert from The Freeman’s Journal, 17th April 1849

Auction of the bankrupt Warren Estate in 1872

The background to the bankruptcy of Robert Warren can be read here.

Description of Victoria Castle which was auctioned by the Landed Estates Court in 1872 due to the bankruptcy of Robert Warren in 1872
1872 map of Lot 1, Victoria Castle

In 1872 Humphrey Lloyd, then Provost of Trinity College, bought Victoria Castle for £5,000-0-0. This provided Warren with sufficient money to settle with his main creditors. The remaining properties were withdrawn from auction when he paid over £11,000-0-0 to the Court.


Fire of 1926

Report of the fire that seriously damaged Victoria Castle in 1926. From The Evening Herald 13th November 1926.

Auction notice of 16th April 1947

Advert from The Argus and Leinster Journal 12th April 1947

Tour guide to Victoria Castle dated sometime prior to it’s sale to Enya in 1996

Written by a member of the Aylmer family who were resident at the time.

WELCOME TO AYESHA CASTLE THE HOME OF THE AYLMER FAMILY SINCE 1947.

The Castle was completed in 1840 and is built of granite from the Dalkey quarries.

It feature on the front page of the Dublin Penny Journal of 5th June 1841 and was first named Victoria Castle to commemorate the accession of Queen Victoria to the throne in 1837. The first owner was Robert Warren who owned most of Killiney Hill at the time and is responsible for building Killiney Castle (now  a hotel) which was his main residence. He used to let Victoria Castle to Viscounts, Merchants etc. one of whom was Viscount Southwell who rented the Castle for £220 per annum in 1870 – 1871.

The Architect for Ayesha Castle is considered to be Sandford (Sandham) Symes who was a relation of Robert Warren and who was also responsible for building Mount Eagle later on the Vico Road and Altadore in Glenageary. This information has been verified by the Senior Architect of the Board of Works, Mr. Frederick O’Dwyer, who is an authority on Victorian Architecture.

Ayesha was for many years the home of the Lloyd family and particularly Rev. Humphrey Lloyd a former provost of Trinity College Dublin (1860-1967). He was also made a fellow of the Royal Society in England for his thesis on light and was given a special award by the German Government for work he had done for them. The Lloyd family lived at Ayesha from approx. 1880 – 1928. Victoria Castle as it was then known was gutted by fire in 1928 and in 1930 the house was purchased by Sir Thomas Power of Power’s Whiskey fame. He is responsible for restoring the Castle to its present state. The magnificent oak staircase of 64 steps, the fine oak panelling in the hallway and Dining Room, the latter which is arguably the finest room in the house. The Castle was renamed in 1930 to Ayesha by Sir Thomas Power who named it after the goddess in Ryder Haggard’s Book “She” because like the goddess Ayesha rose from the flames.

In 1937/1938 Ayesha changed hands and passed into the Barrett family (the same family as Barrett Cheshire Home in Herbert Street, Dublin).

After the death of  John Chalk Barrett his widow sold Ayesha to the late Colonel Richard Michael Aylmer father of the present owner.

Here in the Hallway to the right hand side of the Front Door we see the Coat of Arms of the Aylmer family, 4 cornish choughs with wings displayed and ducal crown, with the famous motto or warcry “Hallelujah”. The Aylmer’s of Ireland have been in Kildare since the 11th Century and the name originated from Cornwall and Athalmer which became Aylmer. They came to Ireland with Strongbow who as you  know is buried in the crypt of Christ Church Cathedral. For 500 years the Aylmers lived  at Lyons House at Newcastle near Celbridge (now the Agricultural College of UCD) and by the middle of the 19th Century they were the largest landowners in  North Kildare. Many of their lands had been fought for in earlier years with Irish Clans like the O’Tooles. Some had been granted to them by the Crown.

By 1850 although they had lost Lyons House they owned seats at Donaghdea Castle, Kerdiffstown and later Courtown of Kilcock and Rathmore as well as valuable lands at Tully which is now the National Stud.

Some landmarks are to this day a feature in Co. Kildare e.g. Aylmer Road and Aylmer Bridge at Newcastle. Also the famous Aylmer’s Tower at the Hill of Allen near Newbridge which was built by Sir Gerald Aylmer, 8th Baronet of Donaghdea who gave employment to the men from the  Allenwood area during 1859-1863 and arranged for the name of each man employed in the Building  Work to be carved for posterity on each step inside the Tower. King Edward VII ascended the Tower on his last visit to Ireland. At Balrath on the road to Slane (Co. Meath) there stands a Cross which Sir Andrew Aylmer had erected in honour of the Bathe family. This is now a National Monument.

Description by Peter Pearson 1998

Peter Pearson ‘Between the Mountains and the Sea‘ (1998), pp.61-62.

Staircase c.1988

Victoria Castle, renamed Ayesha Castle in 1930, was one of Warren’s projects which was successfully completed. A pseudo Norman castle, built of local Dalkey granite, it is dramatically situated on the side of Killiney Hill with excellent views towards Bray and the Wicklow mountains. Victoria Castle, with its impeccably cut stonework is essentially square in plan, with a large, half-octagonal, projecting block and a circular tower. It is approached from a terrace or forecourt and has rather severe, round-headed, narrow windows and a plain entrance door. The silhouette is very striking with its many crenellations and battlements. The architect may have been Sandham Symes, who is recorded as the designer of Mount Eagle, another Warren development. Victoria Castle was occupied from 1880 until 1927 by the family of Clifford Lloyd, a solicitor. The Lloyd family were kin of Provost Lloyd of Trinity College Dublin. Then its interior was gutted by an accidental fire. It was bought by Sir Thomas Talbot Power, owner of Power’s distillery, who used his considerable wealth to restore it to its present condition. Power, who had bought the ruin for £1800, created an impressive interior with an oak-panelled hall and dining room and a magnificent spiral staircase. He re-named the castle `Ayesha’ after a fictional goddess who rose from the flames in Ryder Haggard’s book ‘She’. Ayesha Castle was sold in 1996 to the Irish singer Enya for over £2 million.


Records from Thom’s Directory

RESIDENTS OF VICTORIA CASTLE
1850 Robert Warren
1860 No Reference
1870-1871 Rt. Hon. Lord Southwell
1872-1881 Rev. H. Lloyd, Provost, Trinity College Dublin
1882-1916 Clifford B. Lloyd
1917-1918 Vacant
1919-1927 Wilmot Lloyd
1928 Vacant
1930 Sir Thomas Talbot Bart. Power (Listed as Ayesham)
1932-1933 Not listed
1934 Vacant
1935-1938 John Edward Pearce
1939-1940 Vacant (Listed as Ayesha Castle)
1941-1942 Right Hon. John Hall Kelly, Canadian High Commissioner to Eire *check dates
1943-1946 John C. Barrett (Listed as Ayesham Castle)
1947-1955 Colonel Richard. M. Aylmer


National Archives 2A/2/76:861